Semaphorin 3A Levels in Lupus With and Without Secondary Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome and Renal Involvement

The intention of this research is to consider semaphorin 3A ranges in sufferers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with and with out renal involvement and secondary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). Sufferers with SLE had been grouped based on the presence of secondary APS or renal involvement. The management group consisted of age-matched, nonsmoking, wholesome volunteers.…

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